Svalbard

Karte von Svalbard Karte von Svalbard

Svalbard (which means 'cold coasts' in Norwegian) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. There are more than 400 islands which are situated north of the Polar Circle ranging from 74° to 81 north latitude, and from 10° to 35° east longitude. The largest island is Spitsbergen, followed by Nordaustlandet and Edgeøya.

The land area of the islands is about ​​62'050 km². The largest islands are Spitsbergen, Nordaustlandet, Barentsøya, Edgeøya and Prins Karls Forland. More than 60% of the land area is covered by glaciers.The Austfonna glacier is not only the largest glacier on Svalbard, but in whole Europe. The highest mountain is the Newtopoppen with a height of 1'713 meters, followed by the Perriertoppen with 1'712 meters and the Ceresfjellet with 1'675 meters. The coasts of the islands are heavily riddled with fjords.

More information about Svalbard on > Wikipedia.

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