Longyearbyen is the largest settlement and the administrative centre of Svalbard. The town has a population of approxiamteyl 2,000. It is the world's northernmost permanent settlement of any kind. It was founded in 1906 by the US enterpreneur John Munro Longyear.
Svalbard (which means 'cold coasts' in Norwegian) is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. There are more than 400 islands which are situated north of the Polar Circle ranging from 74° to 81 north latitude, and from 10° to 35° east longitude. The largest island is Spitsbergen, followed by Nordaustlandet and Edgeøya.